Project management basics
Learn more about the fundamental terms and components used in iTaskX.
In project management, a task is an activity that needs to be accomplished within a defined period of time.
To define your tasks most effectively, take into account the following guidelines:
- Break down tasks to the level of detail that you want to track. You should break them down in greater detail for riskier areas.
- Make sure that tasks have clear completion criteria.
- Define tasks that are short compared with the overall project duration. Shorter tasks allow you to more easily estimate time and resources.
- Avoid defining such things as vacation or training as tasks.
iTaskX also calculates automatically outline numbers for each task based on the outline structure of the task list. Outline numbers consist of numbers only, and you cannot edit them. They do, however, change automatically when you move a task up or down in the task list.
Resources are typically people included in your project plan, whether or not they are assigned to tasks. However, a resource could also include anything that is used to complete a project, including, materials and costs.
iTaskX offers 3 types of resources:
- Work resources are the people who complete the tasks in your project.
- Material resources are the tools you need to get your project done. These may include things like concrete, steel, pipe, wood, computers...
- Cost resources are fees associated with your project. These may be things like travel costs.
Assignments are the associations between specific tasks and the resources needed to complete them. More than one resource can be assigned to a task. All types of resources (Work, Material, Cost) resources can be assigned to tasks.
You can make adjustments to the assignments you made, check for over allocations, and perhaps resolve over allocations.
iTaskX uses the following types of calendars to determine resource availability and the way tasks are scheduled:
A Base-Calendar is used for the Project-Calendar, Task-Calendars and as template for Resource-Calendars. 3 base calendars are provided with iTaskX:
- Standard (8:00 AM to 5:00 PM weekdays, with an hour off for lunch)
- 24-Hours (Reflects a schedule with continuous work, such as a mechanical process)
- Night Shift (Reflects a graveyard shift schedule of Monday night through Saturday morning, 11:00 PM to 8:00 AM, with an hour off for break)
The calendar used to designate the default work schedule for all tasks in a project. Use this calendar to change standard workdays and organization-wide holidays or days off.
Further information: Set working time for the project calendar
For each resource you enter, iTaskX creates an individual Resource-Calendar based on the settings in the selected Project-Calendar. You can also create and assign other Base-Calendars for individual resources or resource groups to indicate specific working hours; for example, you can assign a resource to the swing shift or night shift. You can adjust Resource-Calendars to indicate nonworking time, such as vacations and leaves of absence.
Further information: Create or edit resource calendars
Tasks are scheduled based on the working times in the Project-Calendar; however, you can customize the working times from the Project-Calendar in a Task-Calendar if you have tasks to be completed at different times, especially tasks that are independent of resources. A Task-Calendar is especially useful for equipment that runs and completes tasks throughout nights or weekends, which is designated as nonworking time in the Project-Calendar.
Further information: Create or edit task calendars
iTaskX calculates when a resource and task are scheduled to work by using the calendars in the following order: Project-Calendar, Resource-Calendar, and Task-Calendar.